According to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) release of their annual ‘Global Trends Report: World At War,” 2014 was the year that a record number of people were forcibly displaced due to wars, persecution and conflict worldwide. On average, 42,500 individuals per day were displaced, making up the record 60 million which would make them large enough to form the world’s 24th largest country.
To make matters worse, over half of the world’s refugees are children. The 8.3 million person rise in 2014 alone made it the single biggest jump ever, and the worst part, is that it is suspected that the situation will continue to deteriorate and that the numbers for 2015 will most likely be even worse.
Of the 59.5 million people forcibly displaced worldwide as a result of persecution, conflict, generalised violence or human rights violations, 19.5 million were refugees, 38.2 million were internally displaced persons and 1.8 million were asylum-seekers.
Who are the groups most affected? Palestinians made up about 5.1 million of the 19.5 million refugees, while the remaining 14.4 million refugees were largely made up of Syrians, Somalis and Afghans. In total, Syria, Afghanistan and Somalia made for 53% of the refugees worldwide over the last year.
Many of these people have had to move into refugee camps worldwide. Although the camps provide protection and basic services, there are often security problems within the camp; which places individuals at risk, not to mention the increase of disease and the fact that the isolation means there is not a lot to do, which also increases the crime rate within the camps.
Meanwhile, war and poverty rages in countries that will largely have to be rebuilt, meaning that an end may not be in sight for many of the world’s refugees.